Monitoring to Conserve Midwestern Birds
It is well supported in ecology literature that land management focused on single outputs tends to simplify complex ecosystems. Although many papers have shown that forest management that occurs solely for commodity production may not yield patterns within the natural range of variation, fewer studies have questioned forest management activities that focus primarily on single species of wildlife. It is conceivable that forest management for specific wildlife population outputs may also simplify complex ecosystems if management does not take into account geography, disturbance patterns and their temporal and spatial effects on composition and structure.
This paper evaluates the long-term effect of breeding habitat management for Kirtland's Warbler in fire-dependent, jack pine ecosystems of the nLP of Michigan. Results, and corresponding literature, may be useful for those wishing to manage breeding habitat in a more ecological manner moving forward.